President of India

The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind visiting the Sri Ramanathaswamy Temple at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu on December 23, 2017.
The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind visiting the Sri Ramanathaswamy Temple at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu on December 23, 2017.

The President of India is the supreme constitutional authority in India.He is the constitutional Head of State in India.He is also the Commander in Chief of armed forces of the Union. The President is also called the first citizen of India.

Constitutionally vested with maximum power ,the President of India works with the advice of Prime minister and his cabinet of ministers.The post of President of India is largely considered ceremonial as real powers of running the government and taking policy decisions lies with the Prime Minister of India.

Election of President of India

A Electoral College comprising of elected members of the parliament houses, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, and along with members of the Vidhan Sabha, the state legislative assemblies elect the President of India.

Tenure of President of India

Presidents may remain in office for a tenure of five years, as stated by article 56, part V, of the Constitution of India. In the case where a President’s term of office is terminated early or during the absence of the President, the Vice President assumes office. By article 70 of part V, the parliament may decide how to discharge the functions of the President where this is not possible, or in any other unexpected contingency. 

Salary of President of India

President₹500,000
(US$7,000)
+ Other allowances fixed to President of India.

Representation of Political Parties

Representation of Presidents by party of candidacy   Independent (29.6%)  Indian National Congress (41.2%)  Bharatiya Janata Party (5.8%)  Janata Party (5.8%)  Acting (17.6%) .

Past Presidents of India

There have been 14 Presidents of India since the post was established when India was declared as a republic with the adoption of the Indian constitution in 1950. Apart from these fourteen, three Acting Presidents have also been in office for short periods of time. Varahagiri Venkata Giri became the Acting President in 1969 after Zakir Husain, died in office. Giri was elected President a few months later. He remains the only person to have held office both as a President and Acting President.

Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India, is the only person to have held office for two terms.[

Former presidents of India

  • Shri Pranab Mukherjee (b – 1935) Term of Office: 25 July 2012 to 25 July 2017 http://pranabmukherjee.nic.in
  • Smt Pratibha Devisingh Patil (birth – 1934) Term of Office: 25 July 2007 to 25 July 2012 http://pratibhapatil.nic.in
  • DR. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (1931-2015) Term of Office: 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007 http://abdulkalam.nic.in
  • Shri K. R. Narayanan (1920 – 2005) Term of Office: 25 July 1997 to 25 July 2002
  • Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma (1918-1999) Term of Office: 25 July 1992 to 25 July 1997
  • Shri R Venkataraman (1910-2009) Term of Office: 25 July 1987 to 25 July 1992
  • Giani Zail Singh (1916-1994) Term of Office: 25 July 1982 to 25 July 1987
  • Shri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (1913-1996) Term of Office: 25 July 1977 to 25 July 1982
  • Dr. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (1905-1977) Term of Office: 24 August 1974 to 11 February 1977
  • Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri (1894-1980) Term of Office: 3 May 1969 to 20 July 1969 and 24 August 1969 to 24 August 1974
  • Dr. Zakir Husain (1897-1969) Term of Office: 13 May 1967 to 3 May 1969
  • Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888-1975) Term of Office: 13 May 1962 to 13 May 1967
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963) Term of Office: 26 January 1950 to 13 May 1962

Dr. Rajendra Prasad ( 3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963 )

Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963) was the only President to serve for two terms.He was the President of Constituent Assembly.He was Elected unanimously by the Constituent Assembly and assumed office on 26 January 1950 .

He was elected the President of India on 13th May ,1952 and held the office till 13th May,1957.After being elected ,with huge vote pertanges of 98.9% , for second tenure ,he assumed office on 13th May,1957 and held it till 13th May 1962 .

He served for 12 years, 107 days .

Dr. Rajendra Prasad ( 3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963 )

Dr. Rajendra Prasad ( 3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963 )

He is considered the most ideal President of India,who established the dignity and respect of President of India.He was very honest and great scholar of law.He was the real maker of the Constitution of India.

He is considered the most ideal President of India,who established the dignity and respect of President of India.He was very honest and great scholar of law.He was the real maker of the Constitution of India.

Although,it is said that Shri Jawahlal Nehru,the Prime Minister never enjoyed good relations with him.It is said that Dr Rajendra Prasad stopped Nehru from making any compromise with supremacy of Constitution of India.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad died in Sadakat Ashram,Patna in 28 February 1963 1963. The idea of his honesty and simple living can be taken with this fact that he had not constructed any good house for himself in spite of being President of India.He stayed in Sadakat Ashram till his last breath.

Political Affiliations of Past Presidents

Seven Presidents have been members of a political party before being elected. Six of these were active party members of the Indian National Congress. The Janata Party has had one member, Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, who later became President.The present President,Shri Ram Nath Kovind ,was member of BJP before being elected as President of India.

Two Presidents, Zakir Husain and Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, have died in office. Their Vice-Presidents served as Acting Presidents until a new President was elected. Following Zakir Husain’s death, two acting Presidents held office until the new President, V. V. Giri, was elected.

When Giri resigned to take part in the presidential elections, he was succeeded by Mohammad Hidayatullah as acting President.

First woman to serve as President of India

The 12th President, Pratibha Patil, is the first woman to serve as President of India, elected in 2007.

On 25 July 2017, Ram Nath Kovind took office as the 14th President of India.