Professional Association

A professional association (also called a professional body, professional organization, or professional society) is usually a nonprofit organization seeking to further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession and the public interest.

The roles of these professional associations have been variously defined: “A group of people in a learned occupation who are entrusted with maintaining control or oversight of the legitimate practice of the occupation;” also a body acting “to safeguard the public interest;” organizations which “represent the interest of the professional practitioners,” and so “act to maintain their own privileged and powerful position as a controlling body.”

Many professional bodies are involved in the development and monitoring of professional educational programs, and the updating of skills, and thus perform professional certification to indicate that a person possesses qualifications in the subject area. Sometimes membership of a professional body is synonymous with certification, though not always. Membership of a professional body, as a legal requirement, can in some professions form the primary formal basis for gaining entry to and setting up practice within the profession; see licensure.

Many professional bodies also act as learned societies for the academic disciplines underlying their professions.

As a practical matter, most professional organizations of global scope (see List of professional organizations) are located in the United States. The U.S. has often led the transformation of various occupations into professions, a process described in the academic literature as professionalization.

Legal functions

In countries where the law entitles defendants to a jury of their peers, the general public may not be considered sufficiently knowledgeable in a field of practice to act as a peer in some legal cases. For example, the professional associations do not always concern themselves with licensure or the equivalent or government regulations. In the United States, journalists seek to avoid government involvement in their work or “official” definitions.

Inter-professional associations

Inter-professional associations have been defined as private organizations, recognized by the State, that group together participants from all stages of the same agricultural commodity chain (filière in French), with the objectives of elaborating policies, guaranteeing equity among the members, facilitating the improvement of the performance of the chain and defending the interests of the members. There are around sixty such associations in France and several in Francophone countries of Africa. A particular feature of inter-professional associations is that the membership is made up of associations that represent the individual chain professions. This is in contrast, for example, to commodity associations in the United States where membership is largely of individuals and companies. Many developing countries have few or no associations that cover an entire commodity chain and there would appear scope for the development of such organizations to promote improved liaison with governments.

Business organization

In the United States, PA (Professional Association), used in conjunction with a business name is a corporation formed by professionals such as barristers, engineers, dentists, and medical doctors. In the past, the so-called “learned professions” were not allowed to operate as corporations. A PA is attractive to professionals because it provides some of the tax advantages and liability protections of a business corporation.

Trade association

A trade association, also known as an industry trade group, business association, sector association or industry body, is an organization founded and funded by businesses that operate in a specific industry. An industry trade association participates in public relations activities such as advertising, education, political donations, lobbying and publishing, but its focus is collaboration between companies. Associations may offer other services, such as producing conferences, networking or charitable events or offering classes or educational materials. Many associations are non-profit organizations governed by bylaws and directed by officers who are also members.

In countries with a social market economy, the role of trade associations is often taken by employers’ organizations, which also take a role in social dialogue.

Political influence

One of the primary purposes of trade groups, particularly in the United States and to a similar but lesser extent elsewhere, is to attempt to influence public policy in a direction favorable to the group’s members. It can take the form of contributions to the campaigns of political candidates and parties through Political Action Committees (PACs); contributions to “issue” campaigns not tied to a candidate or party; and lobbying legislators to support or oppose particular legislation. In addition, trade groups attempt to influence the activities of regulatory bodies.

In the United States, direct contributions by PACs to candidates are required to be disclosed to the Federal Election Commission or state and local election overseers, are considered public information, and have registration requirements for lobbyists. Even so, it can sometimes be difficult to trace the funding for issue and non-electoral campaigns.


Almost all trade associations are heavily involved in publishing activities in print and online. The main media published by trade associations are as follows:

  • Association website. The association’s corporate website typically explains the association’s aims and objectives, promotes the association’s products and services, explains the benefits of membership to prospective members, and promotes members’ businesses (for example, by means of an online listing of members and description of their businesses).
  • Members newsletters or magazines. Whether produced in print or online, association newsletters and magazines contain news about the activities of the association, industry news and editorial features on topical issues. Some are exclusively distributed to members, while others are used to lobby lawmakers and regulators, and some are used to promote members’ businesses to potential new customers.
  • Printed membership directories and yearbooks. Larger trade associations publish membership directories and yearbooks to promote their association to opinion formers, lawmakers, regulators and other stakeholders. Such publications also help to promote members’ businesses both to each other and to a wider audience. A typical membership directory contains profiles of each association member, a products and services guide, advertising from members, and editorial articles about the aims, objectives and activities of the association. The emphasis of association yearbooks on the other hand is on editorial features about the association itself and the association’s industry.

The opportunity to be promoted in such media (whether by editorial or advertising) is often an important reason why companies join a trade association in the first place.

Examples of larger trade associations that publish a comprehensive range of media include European Wind Energy Association (EWEA), Association of British Travel Agents (ABTA) and the Confederation of British Industry (CBI).

Generic advertising

Industry trade groups sometimes produce advertisements, just as normal corporations do. However, whereas typical advertisements are for a specific corporate product, such as a specific brand of cheese or toilet paper, industry trade groups advertisements generally are targeted to promote the views of an entire industry.

Ads to improve industry image

These ads mention only the industry’s products as a whole, painting them in a positive light in order to have the public form positive associations with that industry and its products. For example, in the USA the advertising campaign “Beef. It’s what’s for dinner” is used by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association to promote a positive image of beef in the public consciousness.

Ads to shape opinion on a specific issue

These are adverts targeted at specific issues. For example, in the USA in the early 2000s the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) began running advertisements before films that advocate against movie piracy over the Internet.


A common criticism of trade associations is that, while they are not per se “profit-making” organizations that claim to do valuable work which is ultimately for the public benefit, they are in reality fronts for price-fixing cartels and other subtle anti-competitive activities that are not in the public interest.

Anti-competitive activity

Jon Leibowitz, commissioner at the Federal Trade Commission in the United States, outlined the potentially anti-competitive nature of some trade association activity in a speech to the American Bar Association in Washington, D.C. in March 2005 called “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: Trade Associations and Antitrust”. For instance, he said, under the guise of “standard setting” trade associations representing the established players in an industry can set rules that make it harder for new companies to enter a market.


In September 2007, the German trade association for Fachverband Verbindungs- und Befestigungstechnik (VBT) and five fastener companies were fined 328 million Euros by the European Commission for operating cartels in the markets for fasteners and attaching machines in Europe and worldwide. In one of the cartels, the YKK Group, Coats plc, the Prym group, the Scovill group, A. Raymond, Berning & Söhne agreed coordinated price increases in annual price rounds with respect to fasteners and their attaching machines, “in the framework of work circles organised by VBT”.

National and international  associations


  • Master Inspector Certification Board for Certified Master Inspector (CMI)
  • CINOA, International Confederation of Art and Antique Dealers’ Associations, principal international art and antique dealers confederation
  • eCommerce World Retailers
  • Federation of International Trade Associations
  • Industry Technology Facilitator, an oil industry trade association
  • International Air Transport Association
  • International Association of Certified Home Inspectors (InterNACHI)
  • International Chamber of Shipping, principal trade association of the international shipping industry
  • International Fluid Power Society
  • International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA)


  • Hospitality Association of Namibia


  • Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers
  • Canadian Beverage Association
  • Canadian Federation of Independent Business
  • Canadian Meat Council
  • Canadian Nuclear Association
  • Canadian Recording Industry Association

East Asia

  • Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association
  • Korea Automobile Manufacturers Association


  • Centre for European Policy Studies
  • Confederation of the Food and Drink Industries of the EU
  • European Tool Association (CEO)
  • European Chemical Industry Council
  • European Policy Centre
  • Petcore
  • Union of Industrial and Employers’ Confederations of Europe
  • EBAN


  • A

    • Aeronautical Society of India
    • All India Management Association
    • All India Ophthalmic Society (AIOS)
    • All India Biotech Association
    • Author Guild of India


    • CFA Council of India
    • Computer Society of India
    • CPA Council of India
    • CII, Confederation of Indian Industry


    Delhi Ophthalmic Society (DOS)


    • Engineering Council of India
    • Engineering Staff College of India
    • Editor Guild of India


    • Federation of Indian Photography


    • Indian Concrete Institute
    • Indian History Congress
    • Indian Institute of Architects
    • Indian Institute of Banking and Finance
    • Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers
    • Indian Institute of Metals
    • Indian Institution of Industrial Engineering
    • Indian Society for Technical Education
    • Indian Sociological Society
    • Institute of Actuaries of India
    • Institute of Chartered Accountants of India
    • Institute of Company Secretaries of India
    • Institute of Cost Accountants of India
    • Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers
    • Institution of Engineers (India)
    • Institution of Valuers
    • Indian Tea Association


    • Phycological Society of India
    • Professional Social Workers’ Association
    • Public Relations Consultants Association of India
    • Press Club of India
    • Public Relations Society of India (PRSI)


    Naroda Industries Association, Ahmedabad, India

    NASSCOM, National Association of Software and Services Companies


    • Rotary Wing Society of India


    • Society of EMC Engineers (India)
    • Society of Indian Law Firms


    • United Nurses Association


    • Western India Regional Council

United Kingdom

In the UK there are thought to be more than 1600 trade associations.[3] The term “industry trade group” is used very little in British English. Alternative terms used in the UK include trade association and employer association.

  • Agricultural Industries Confederation
  • Anaerobic Digestion and Biogas Association (ADBA)
  • British Bankers Association (BBA)
  • Asbestos Testing and Consultancy Association (ATAC)
  • Association of Air Ambulances
  • Association of British Insurers
  • Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry
  • British Compressed Air Society
  • British Hospitality Association
  • British Parking Association
  • Building Engineering Services Association
  • CompTIA, Computing Technology Industry Association
  • Crop Protection Association
  • Electrical Contractors’ Association
  • Electromagnetic Compatibility Industry Association
  • Fire Industry Association
  • Hire Association Europe
  • International Entrepreneurs Association, UK Entrepreneurs Education Professional Body
  • intellect, UK Technology Industry
  • Internet Service Providers Association
  • Lift and Escalator Industry Association
  • Maritime UK
  • Master Locksmiths Association
  • National Access and Scaffolding Confederation
  • Nationwide Caterers Association
  • National Federation of Builders
  • National Federation of Demolition Contractors
  • National Outsourcing Association
  • Nuclear Industry Association
  • Oil & Gas UK
  • Orthodontic Technicians Association
  • SELECT (Electrical Contractors’ Association of Scotland)
  • UK Cleaning Products Industry Association

United States of America (USA)

There are over 7,600 national trade associations in the United States, with a large number (approximately 2,000) headquartered in the Washington, DC area.[4] There are also many trade associations at the state and local levels.

One of the oldest trade associations in the United States is the American Seed Trade Association (ASTA), founded in 1883.

Copyright trade groups

  • IFPI, International Federation of Phonogram and Videogram Producers, represents the recording industry worldwide, with over 1450 members in 75 countries and affiliated industry associations in 48 countries. The IFPI works in partnership with similar national organizations.
    • Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) represents the recording industry in the United States.
    • ASINCOL, the Colombian Association of Phonograph Producers, Colombian music industry association.
    • Music Canada, formerly known as the Canadian Recording Industry Association is the non-profit trade organization representing the largest Canadian companies that create, manufacture and market sound recordings.
    • Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ), non-profit trade association of producers and artists in New Zealand.
    • Mexican Association of Producers of Phonograms and Videograms (AMPROFON)
  • Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) represents the film industry in the United States.
  • The Association of Japanese Animations (AJA), a group consisting of small to medium-sized intellectual property companies
  • Business Software Alliance (BSA) promotes the intellectual property of software developers.
  • Entertainment Software Association (ESA) promotes the intellectual property of game developers in the United States.
  • British Phonographic Industry (BPI), UK music industry association. Founded the BRIT Awards, and give Gold, Silver and Platinum disks for UK-based sales.
  • Federation Against Copyright Theft (FACT) is the main UK anti-copyright infringement organization, mainly for films.
  • Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA), oversees the collection, administration and distribution of music licenses and royalties in Australia.
  • Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers (JASRAC)
  • Recording Industry Association of Japan (RIAJ)
  • Russian Organization for Multimedia and Digital Systems (ROMS) organization on collective management of rights of authors and other rightholders in multimedia, digital networks and visual arts
  • Anti Video Piracy Association of Singapore (AVPAS) for anime.
  • GEMA society for musical performing and mechanical reproduction rights in Germany.

Trade Unions

United States


(The American Federation of Labor – Congress of Industrial Organizations)
  • Air Line Pilots Association
  • Amalgamated Transit Union
  • American Federation of Government Employees
  • American Federation of Musicians
  • American Federation of School Administrators
  • American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees
  • American Federation of Teachers
  • American Federation of Television and Radio Artists
  • American Postal Workers Union
  • American Train Dispatchers Department
  • Associated Actors and Artistes of America
    • Actors’ Equity Association
    • American Guild of Musical Artists
    • American Guild of Variety Artists
    • The Guild of Italian American Actors
    • Screen Actors Guild
  • Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers’ International Union
  • Brotherhood of Railroad Signalmen
  • California Nurses Association/ National Nurses Organizing Committee
  • California School Employees Association
  • Communications Workers of America
  • Farm Labor Organizing Committee
  • Federation of Professional Athletes/National Football League Players Association
  • Glass, Molders, Pottery, Plastics and Allied Workers International Union
  • International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees
  • International Association of Bridge, Structural, Ornamental and Reinforcing Iron Workers
  • International Association of Fire Fighters
  • International Association of Heat and Frost Insulators and Asbestos Workers
  • International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
  • International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers and Helpers
  • International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
  • International Federation of Professional and Technical Engineers
  • International Longshore and Warehouse Union
  • International Longshoremen’s Association
  • International Plate Printers, Die Stampers and Engravers Union of North America
  • International Union of Allied Novelty and Production Workers
  • International Union of Bricklayers and Allied Craftworkers
  • International Union of Elevator Constructors
  • International Union of Operating Engineers
  • International Union of Painters and Allied Trades
  • International Union of Police Associations
  • Laborers’ International Union of North America
  • Marine Engineers Beneficial Association
  • National Air Traffic Controllers Association
  • National Association of Letter Carriers
  • National Football League Players Association
  • Office and Professional Employees International Union
  • Operative Plasterers’ and Cement Masons’ International Association
  • Professional Aviation Safety Specialists
  • Seafarers International Union of North America
  • Sheet Metal Workers International Association
  • Transport Workers Union of America
  • United American Nurses
  • United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing, Pipefitting and Sprinkler Fitting Industry of the United States and Canada
  • United Automobile, Aerospace & Agricultural Implement Workers of America International Union
  • United Food and Commercial Workers
  • United Mine Workers of America
  • United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union
  • United Transportation Union
  • United Union of Roofers, Waterproofers and Allied Workers
  • Utility Workers Union of America
  • Writers Guild of America, East

Change to Win Federation

(The Change to Win Federation)
  • International Brotherhood of Teamsters
  • Service Employees International Union
    • Workers United
  • United Farm Workers of America


  • Aircraft Mechanics Fraternal Association
  • Coalition of Graduate Employee Unions
  • Directors Guild of America
  • Dramatists Guild of America
  • Fraternal Order of Police
  • Independent Pilots Association
  • Jockeys’ Guild
  • Major League Baseball Players Association
  • National Basketball Players Association
  • National Education Association
  • National Rural Letter Carriers Association
  • National Treasury Employees Union
  • NHL Players Association
  • Patrolmen’s Benevolent Association
  • Professional Lacrosse Players’ Association
  • Programmers Guild
  • Stage Directors and Choreographers Society
  • United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America
  • United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America
  • US Airline Pilots Association
  • World Umpires Association
  • Writers Guild of America, west

Union Reform Groups

  • Labor Notes
  • Short Circuits
  • Teamsters for a Democratic Union

United Kingdom

Main article: List of trade unions in the United Kingdom
  • General Federation of Trade Unions (UK)
  • Scottish Trades Union Congress
  • Trades Union Congress

Current Unions

The following is a list of major independent trade unions, who are solely accountable to their members and free from employer domination as it stood on 31 March 2012.[1]

  • Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen ASLEF
  • Association of Teachers and Lecturers ATL
  • Bakers, Food and Allied Workers Union BFAWU
  • British Air Line Pilots Association BALPA
  • Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematograph and Theatre Union BECTU
  • British Medical Association Medical Doctors BMA
  • Ceramic and Allied Trades Union CATU
  • Communication Workers Union CWU
  • Community (trade union)
  • Community and Youth Workers’ Union
  • Connect – formerly the Society of Telecommunications Executives (STE)
  • Educational Institute of Scotland EIS
  • EQUITY (actors)
  • Fire Brigades Union FBU
  • First Division Association (senior civil servants)
  • GMB (General workers’ union)
  • Graphical, Paper and Media Union GPMU
  • Hospital Consultants and Specialists Association HCSA
  • Industrial Workers of the World IWW
  • International Union of Sex Workers
  • Musicians’ Union MU
  • National Association of Probation Officers NAPO
  • National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers NASUWT
  • National Union of Journalists NUJ
  • National Union of Marine, Aviation and Shipping Transport Officers NUMAST
  • National Union of Mineworkers NUM
  • National Union of Teachers NUT
  • Offshore Industry Liaison Committee OILC
  • Prison Officers Association POA
  • Professional Association of Teachers PAT
  • Professional Footballers Association PFA
  • Prospect (engineering, scientific, management and professional staff)
  • Public and Commercial Services Union PCS
  • National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers RMT
  • Royal College of Nursing RCN (legally a professional society rather than a trade union)
  • Scottish Artists Union SAU [2]
  • Society of Radiographers SoR
  • Solidarity Federation
  • Transport and General Workers Union T&G / TGWU
  • Transport Salaried Staffs’ Association TSSA
  • Undeb Cenedlaethol Athrawon Cymru (National Union of Teachers of Wales) UCAC
  • UNIFI (trade union) (Financial services)
  • Union of Construction, Allied Trades and Technicians UCATT
  • Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied Workers USDAW
  • UNISON (Public services)
    (about 1.3m members)
  • Unite – the Union
  • University and College Union, amalgam of the AUT and NATFHE.
  • The Writers’ Guild of Great Britain WGGB


  • Confederation of State and Municipal Employees of Iceland
  • Icelandic Federation of Labour


see Indian Trade Unions.

  • Kerala Gazetted Officers’ Union
  • Bengal Jute Mill Workers’ Union
  • Bengal Provincial Chatkal Mazdoor Union
  • Centre of Indian Trade Unions
    • Bengal Chatkal Mazdoor Union
    • Calcutta Tramways Workers’ and Employees’ Union
    • Cochin City Motor Thozhilali Union
    • Darjeeling District Newspaper Sellers’ Union
    • Forward Seamens Union of India
    • Maharashtra Sugarcane Cutting and Transport Workers Union
    • Otis Elevators Employees Union
    • Steel Plant Employees Union
  • All India Defence Employees Federation
  • Association of Motion Pictures & TV Programme Producer of India
  • Federation of Western India Cine Employees
  • Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat
    • Konkan Railway Corporation Employees Union
    • Municipal Mazdoor Union
  • Hind Mazdoor Sabha
    • All India Jute Textile Workers’ Federation
    • Coimbatore District Textile Workers Union
    • Kudremukh Shram Shakthi Sanghatan
    • MCF Employees’ Union
    • Darjeeling Jela Dokan Sramik Union
  • Indian National Trade Union Congress
  • Kerala Gazetted Officers’ Federation
  • Kerala State Transport Employees Front
  • Labour Progressive Federation
    • NLC Workers Progressive Union
  • Maharashtra General Kamgar Union
  • Mazdoor Mukti Morcha
  • Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh
  • Socialist Trade Union Centre
  • Trade Union Centre of India
  • Trade Union Coordination Committee
    • Bengal Hawkers Association
  • United Trade Union Centre-Lenin Sarani

Kerala State Document Workers’ Union (CITU based) .. aadharamezhuthu union


  • Confederation of All Indonesian Workers’ Union
  • Confederation of Indonesia Prosperous Trade Union


Historical Unions

  • Central Council of Trade Unions
  • Central Council of United Trade Unions
  • Central Union of Workers and Peasants of Iran
  • Ettehadiyeh-ye Sendika-ye Kargaran-e Iran
  • Union of Toilers of Iran

Current Unions

  • Iranian Workers’ Solidarity Network
  • Syndicate of Workers of Tehran and Suburbs Bus Company
  • Workers’ House of the Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Iranian Teachers’ Trade Association
  • Association of Iranian Journalists


  • Federation of Oil Unions in Iraq
  • General Federation of Trade Unions
  • Iraqi Federation of Trade Unions


  • Irish Congress of Trade Unions

Historical Unions

  • Electricity Supply Staff Association (Dublin)
  • Galway Workers’ and General Labourers’ Union
  • Irish Mental Hospital Workers’ Union
  • Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union
  • Irish Union of Hairdressers and Allied Workers
  • Power Loom Tenters’ Trade Union of Ireland
  • Workers’ Union of Ireland

Current Unions

  • Amicus
  • Association of Secondary Teachers Ireland
  • Bakers, Food & Allied Workers Union
  • British Actors Equity Association
  • Broadcasting Entertainment Cinematograph and Theatre Union
  • Chartered Society of Physiotherapy
  • Civil and Public Services Union
  • Communication Workers’ Union (Ireland)
  • Communication Workers’ Union (UK)
  • FDA
  • Fire Brigades Union
  • GMB
  • Graphical Paper and Media Union
  • Independent Workers Union of Ireland
  • Irish Bank Officials’ Association
  • Irish Medical Organisation
  • Irish Municipal, Public and Civil Trade Union
  • Irish National Teachers’ Organisation
  • Irish Nurses Organisation
  • Irish Writers’ Union
  • NAPO
  • National League of the Blind
  • National Union of Journalists
  • National Union of Knitwear, Footwear and Apparel Trades
  • National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers
  • Northern Ireland Public Service Alliance
  • Prison Officers Association
  • Prospect
  • Professional Footballers’ Association of Ireland
  • Public and Commercial Services Union
  • Services, Industrial, Professional & Technical Union
  • Teachers’ Union of Ireland
  • Technical Engineering and Electrical Union
  • Transport Salaried Staffs’ Association
  • Union of Construction, Allied Trades and Technicians
  • Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied Workers
  • Unite – the Union
  • University and College Union


  • Histadrut


Major confederations

  • Italian General Confederation of Labour (CGIL)
  • Confederazione Italiana Sindacati Lavoratori (CISL)
  • Unione Italiana del Lavoro (UIL)

Other unions

  • Confederazione del Comitati di Base
  • General Labour Union (Italy)
  • Italian Confederation of Free Workers’ Unions
  • Italian Confederation of Workers’ Trade Unions
  • Italian General Confederation of Labour
  • Italian Labour Union
  • Unione Sindacale Italiana


  • Bustamante Industrial Trade Union
  • Jamaica Airline Pilots Association
  • Jamaica Association of Local Government Officers
  • Jamaica Confederation of Trade Unions
  • National Workers Union


  • General Union
  • Japan Teachers Union
  • National Union of General Workers
  • Sohyo
  • Tozen


  • General Federation of Jordanian Trade Unions
  • Jordanian Engineers Association


  • Confederation of Labour of Kazakhstan
  • Federation of Trade Unions of the Republic of Kazakhstan


  • Central Organization of Trade Unions (Kenya)


  • Kiribati Trade Union Congress


  • Kuwait Trade Union Federation


  • Kyrgyzstan Federation of Trade Unions


  • Lao Federation of Trade Unions


  • Free Trade Confederation of Latvia


  • General Confederation of Lebanese Workers
  • Lebanese Order of Physicians


  • Congress of Lesotho Trade Unions
  • Lesotho Congress of Democratic Unions
  • Lesotho Trade Union Congress


  • Liberian Federation of Labour Unions


  • National Trade Unions’ Federation


  • Liechtenstein Employees’ Association


  • Lithuanian Labour Federation
  • Lithuanian Trade Union Confederation
  • Lithuanian Trade Union – Solidarity


  • Luxembourg Confederation of Christian Trade Unions

Republic of Macedonia

  • Federation of Trade Unions of Macedonia


  • Christian Confederation of Malagasy Trade Unions
  • Confederation of Malagasy Workers
  • United Autonomous Unions of Madagascar


  • Malawi Congress of Trade Unions


  • Congress of Unions of Employees in the Public and Civil Services
  • Malaysian Trades Union Congress
  • National Council of Unions of the Industrial and Lower Income Group of Government Workers
  • National Union of Plantation Workers


  • National Workers’ Union of Mali
  • Workers’ Trade Union Confederation of Mali


  • Confederation of Malta Trade Unions
  • General Workers’ Union (Malta)
  • Malta Union of Teachers
  • Malta Workers’ Union


  • Free Confederation of Mauritanian Workers
  • General Confederation of Mauritanian Workers
  • Union of Mauritanian Workers


  • Federation of Civil Service Unions
  • Federation of Progressive Unions
  • Mauritius Labour Congress
  • Mauritius Trade Union Congress
  • National Trade Unions Confederation
  • Organization of Artisans’ Unity


  • Authentic Labor Front
  • Confederación Revolucionaria de Obreros y Campesinos
  • Confederation of Mexican Workers
  • General Confederation of Workers (Mexico)
  • National Association of Actors (Asociación Nacional de Actores)
  • National Social Security Workers Union
  • National Union of Mine and Metal Workers of the Mexican Republic
  • Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers
  • Sindicato de Trabajadores Ferrocarrileros de la República Mexicana
  • Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación
  • Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Petroleros de la República Mexicana
  • Union of Cinema Production Workers


  • Confederation of Trade Unions of the Republic of Moldova


  • Union of Monaco Trade Unions


  • Confederation of Mongolian Trade Unions


  • Democratic Confederation of Labour (Morocco)
  • Democratic Federation of Labour
  • General Union of Moroccan Workers
  • Moroccan Workers’ Union
  • National Labour Union of Morocco


  • Mozambique Workers’ Organization


  • Federation of Trade Unions of Burma
  • Seafarers’ Union of Burma


  • National Union of Namibian Workers
  • Trade Union Congress of Namibia


  • Christelijk Nationaal Vakverbond
  • CNV Public
  • Federatie Nederlandse Vakbeweging
  • Nederlands Verbond van Vakverenigingen
  • Vakcentrale Voor Middengroepen en Hoger Personeel

Netherlands Antilles[edit]

  • Bonaire Federation of Labour
  • Central General di Trahadonan di Corsow
  • Trade Union Centre of Curaçao
  • Windward Islands Federation of Labour

New Zealand

  • Amalgamated Workers Union of New Zealand
    • Central Amalgamated Workers’ Union
    • Northern Amalgamated Workers’ Union
    • Southern Amalgamated Workers’ Union
  • APEX
  • Association of Salaried Medical Specialists
  • Association of Staff in Tertiary Education Te Hau Takatini o Aotearoa
  • Association of University Staff of New Zealand
  • Clothing, Laundry and Allied Workers Union of Aotearoa
  • Corrections Association of New Zealand
  • Customs Officers’ Association of New Zealand
  • Engineering, Printing and Manufacturing Union
  • Finance and Information Workers Union
  • Firestone Employees Society
  • Flight Attendants and Related Services Association
  • Furniture, Manufacturing & Associated Workers Union
  • Maritime Union of New Zealand
  • Meat Union Aotearoa
  • National Distribution Union
  • New Zealand Air Line Pilots’ Association
  • New Zealand Building Trades Union
  • New Zealand Council of Trade Unions
  • New Zealand Dairy Workers Union
  • New Zealand Educational Institute Te Riu Roa
  • New Zealand Meat & Related Trades Workers Union
  • New Zealand Nurses Organisation
  • New Zealand Professional Firefighters Union
  • New Zealand Public Service Association
  • New Zealand Writers Guild
  • NZ Merchant Service Guild Industrial Union of Workers
  • Post Primary Teachers’ Association
  • Rail & Maritime Transport Union
  • Service & Food Workers Union of Aotearoa
  • Solidarity Union
  • Unite Union


  • Confederation of Labour Unification
  • Nicaraguan Workers’ Centre
  • Sandinista Workers’ Centre


  • Democratic Confederation of Workers of Niger
  • General Union of Workers of Niger
  • Union of Workers’ Trade Unions of Niger


  • Confederation of Unions for Professionals, Norway
  • EL & IT Forbundet
  • Federation of Norwegian Professional Associations
  • NITO
  • Norwegian Civil Service Union
  • Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions(LO)
  • Norwegian Post and Communications Union
  • Norwegian Prison and Probation Officers’ Union
  • Norwegian Seafarers’ Union
  • Norwegian Transport Workers’ Union
  • Norwegian Union of Food, Beverage and Allied Workers
  • Norwegian Union of General Workers
  • Norwegian Union of Industry and Energy Workers
  • Norwegian Union of Municipal and General Employees
  • Union of Employees in Commerce and Offices
  • United Federation of Trade Union


Papua New Guinea

  • Papua New Guinea Trade Union Congress


  • Central Unitaria de Trabajadores (Paraguay)
  • Confederación Paraguaya de Trabajadores
  • National Workers’ Central (Paraguay)


  • Central Autónoma de Trabajadores del Perú
  • Confederación de Trabajadores del Perú
  • Confederación General de Trabajadores del Perú
  • Confederación Unitaria de Trabajadores del Perú


  • Federation of Free Workers
  • May First Labour Movement Centre
  • Trade Union Congress of the Philippines


  • All-Poland Alliance of Trade Unions
  • Solidarity
  • Trade Unions Forum


  • General Confederation of Labour (Portugal)
  • General Confederation of the Portuguese Workers
  • General Union of Workers (Portugal)
  • Union of Independent Trade Unions (Portugal)

Puerto Rico

  • General Confederation of Workers (Puerto Rico)
  • Teachers’ Federation of Puerto Rico


  • Democratic Trade Union Confederation of Romania
  • National Confederation of Free Trade Unions of Romania – Brotherhood
  • National Trade Union Bloc
  • National Trade Union Confederation (Romania)
  • National Trade Union Confederation – Meridian


  • All-Russian Confederation of Labour
  • Artists Trade Union of Russia
  • Confederation of Labour of Russia
  • Confederation of Revolutionary Anarcho-Syndicalists
  • Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia
  • Siberian Confederation of Labour


  • Trade Union Centre of Workers of Rwanda
  • Union of Workers in Industry, Garages, Construction Firms, Mines and Printers

Saint Kitts and Nevis

  • St. Kitts and Nevis Trades and Labour Union

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

  • Commercial, Technical and Allied Workers’ Union
  • National Labour Congress
  • National Workers’ Movement (St. Vincent)
  • St. Vincent and the Grenadines Public Service Union


  • Samoa Public Service Association
  • Samoa Trade Union Congress

San Marino

  • Democratic Confederation of San Marino Workers
  • San Marino Confederation of Labour

São Tomé and Príncipe

  • General Union of the Workers of São Tomé and Príncipe
  • National Organization of the Workers of São Tomé and Príncipe – Central Union


  • Dakar Dem Dikk Workers Democratic Union
  • Democratic Union of Senegalese Workers
  • National Confederation of Senegalese Workers
  • National Union of Autonomous Trade Unions of Senegal


  • Postmans Trade Union


  • Seychelles Federation of Workers’ Unions
  • Seychelles Workers Union

Sierra Leone

  • Sierra Leone Confederation of Trade Unions
  • Sierra Leone Labour Congress


  • National Trades Union Congress


  • Confederation of Trade Unions of the Slovak Republic
  • Independent Christian Trade Unions of Slovakia


  • Association of Free Trade Unions of Slovenia
  • Confederation of New Trade Unions of Slovenia
  • Confederation of Trade Unions of Slovenia – Pergam
  • Trade Union Confederation 90 of Slovenia

Solomon Islands

  • Solomon Islands Council of Trade Unions

South Africa

  • Confederation of South African Workers’ Unions
    • Solidarity
  • Congress of South African Trade Unions
    • Chemical, Energy, Paper, Printing, Wood and Allied Workers’ Union
    • Communication Workers Union (South Africa)
    • Democratic Nursing Organisation of South Africa
    • Food and Allied Workers Union
    • Musicians Union of South Africa
    • National Education, Health and Allied Workers’ Union
    • National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa
    • National Union of Mineworkers (South Africa)
    • Performing Arts Workers’ Equity
    • Police and Prisons Civil Rights Union
    • SASBO – The Finance Union
    • South African Agricultural Plantation and Allied Workers Union
    • South African Commercial, Catering and Allied Workers Union
    • South African Democratic Nurses’ Union
    • South African Democratic Teachers Union
    • South African Football Players Union
    • South African Medical Association
    • South African Municipal Workers’ Union
    • South African State and Allied Workers’ Union
    • South African Transport and Allied Workers Union
    • Southern African Clothing and Textile Workers Union
  • Federation of Unions of South Africa
    • Health & Other Services Personnel Trade Union of South Africa
    • Independent Municipal & Allied Trade Union
    • Public Servants Association of South Africa
    • United Association of South Africa
  • National Council of Trade Unions
    • Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union
  • National Professional Teachers’ Organisation of South Africa

South Korea

  • Federation of Korean Trade Unions
  • Korean Confederation of Trade Unions
  • Korean Teachers & Education Workers’ Union


  • Agrarian Trade Union Federation
  • Basque Workers’ Solidarity
  • Confederación General del Trabajo
  • Confederación Nacional del Trabajo
  • Confederación Intersindical Galega
  • Euskal Langileen Alkartasuna
  • Langile Abertzaleen Batzordeak
  • Spanish Trade Union Organisation
  • Typographic Workers Trade Union
  • Unión General de Trabajadores
  • Workers Collectives
  • Workers’ Commissions (CCOO)
  • Workers in Struggle Collectives

Sri Lanka

  • All Ceylon United Motor Workers’ Union
  • Ceylon Federation of Labour
  • Ceylon Mercantile Union
  • GCSU Sri Lanka
  • National Union of Workers
  • United Corporations and Mercantile Union


  • Sudanese Workers’ Trade Union Federation


  • Federation of Civil Service Organizations
  • General Alliance of Labour Unions in Suriname
  • Organization of Cooperating Autonomous Trade Unions
  • Progressive Labour Federation 47


  • Swaziland Federation of Labour
  • Swaziland Federation of Trade Unions


  • Central Organisation of the Workers of Sweden
  • Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations
  • Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees
  • Swedish Trade Union Confederation


  • Swiss Federation of Trade Unions
  • Travail Suisse


  • General Federation of Trade Unions (Syria)


  • Chinese Federation of Labour
  • Taiwan Confederation of Trade Unions


  • Tajikistan Federation of Trade Unions


  • Trade Union’ Congress of Tanzania
  • Zanzibar Trade Union Congress


  • Labour Congress of Thailand
  • National Congress of Thai Labour
  • Thai Trade Union Congress


  • National Confederation of Togolese Workers
  • National Union of Independent Trade Unions of Togo
  • Trade Union Confederation of Togolese Workers


  • Friendly Islands Teachers’ Association
  • Tonga Nurses’ Association


  • Tunisian General Labour Union


  • Confederation of Public Workers’ Unions
  • Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Unions of Turkey
  • Confederation of Turkish Real Trade Unions
  • Confederation of Turkish Trade Unions


  • National Centre of Trade Unions of Turkmenistan


  • Tuvalu Overseas Seamen’s Union


  • National Organization of Trade Unions


  • Confederation of Free Trade Unions of Ukraine
  • Federation of Trade Unions of Ukraine
  • National Confederation of the Trade-Union Organizations of Ukraine

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